Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems

Overview

Postponed, new dates to be determined.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems

Overview

2017 Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems

A Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS), which was established in 2016 by the Fifth Review Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), will meet for the first time from 13 to 17 November.

The GGE will be chaired by Ambassador Amandeep Singh Gill of India. It has been mandated with examining emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems. Participation at the meeting is expected from a wide array of stakeholders, including many of the Convention’s 125 High Contracting Parties, as well as representatives of international organizations, non-governmental organizations, academia, industry and civil society.

The meeting will bring together this diverse group to allow for an exchange of views and expertise on this multi-faceted issue. It is expected that the GGE will consider LAWS from various angles, including technological, military, ethical and legal dimensions.

The discussion will build on three informal meetings of experts on the topic, held under the auspices of the CCW in 2014, 2015 and 2016.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems

Overview

In 2016, the Fifth Review Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) established a Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS). The GEE held its first meeting from 13 to 17 November 2017 in Geneva.

At their 2017 Meeting, the High Contracting Parties to the CCW agreed that the GGE on LAWS shall meet again in 2018 for a duration of ten days in Geneva. The first meeting of the GGE on LAWS in 2018 took place from 9 to 13 April. The second meeting will be held from 27 to 31 August 2018. The meeting will take place in Conference Room XVIII on 27 August and in Room XX from 28 to 31 August 2018. Ambassador Amandeep Singh Gill of India is the chair of both meetings of the GGE on LAWS.

The final report of the 2017 meeting of the GGE on LAWS, particularly the "Conclusions and Recommendations" section, provides guidance and direction for the work of the GGE to be undertaken in 2018.

The overarching issues in the area of LAWS that will be addressed in the 2018 meetings of the GGE include:

  1. Characterization of the systems under consideration in order to promote a common understanding on concepts and characteristics relevant to the objectives and purposes of the CCW;
  2. Further consideration of the human element in the use of lethal force; aspects of human-machine interaction in the development, deployment and use of emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems;
  3. Review of potential military applications of related technologies in the context of the Group’s work;
  4. Possible options for addressing the humanitarian and international security challenges posed by emerging technologies in the area of LAWS in the context of the objectives and purposes of the Convention without prejudging policy outcomes and taking into account past, present and future proposals.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems

Overview

In 2016, the Fifth Review Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) established an open-ended Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS). The GEE held its first meeting from 13 to 17 November 2017 in Geneva.

At their 2018 Meeting, the High Contracting Parties to the CCW agreed that the GGE on LAWS shall meet again in 2019 for a duration of seven days in Geneva. The first part of the session of the GGE on LAWS in 2019 took place from 25 to 29 March. The second part of the session will take place from 20 to 21 August 2019.

As decided by the High Contracting Parties to the CCW at their 2018 Meeting, the Group is chaired by Mr. Ljupčo Jivan Gjorgjinski, Minister Counsellor, Chargé d’affaires a.i. of North Macedonia.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts

Overview
The Meeting of the States Parties (Geneva, 27 - 28 November 2003) decided on mandates for the GGE to continue its work in 2004 on the following issues: Explosive Remnants of War, Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines, and possible options to promote Compliance with the Convention and its annexed Protocols. The GGE had to report on its work to a Meeting of the States Parties to the Convention to be held in Geneva on 18 and 19 November 2004, in conjunction with the Sixth Annual Conference of the States Parties to Amended Protocol II. The work of the GGE was undertaken in three sessions in Geneva during 2004, as follows: 8 - 12 March 2004; 5 - 16 July 2004; and 8 - 16 November 2004.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts

Overview

The Meeting of the States Parties (Geneva, 12 - 13 December 2002) decided on mandates for the GGE to continue its work in 2003 on the following issues: Explosive Remnants of War, Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines, possible options to promote Compliance with the Convention and its annexed Protocols, and Small Calibre Weapons and Ammunition. The GGE had to report on its work to a Meeting of the States Parties to the Convention to be held in Geneva on 27 and 28 November 2003, in conjunction with the Fifth Annual Conference of the States Parties to Amended Protocol II.

The work of the GGE was undertaken in three sessions in Geneva during 2003, as follows: 10 – 14 March 2003; 16 – 27 June 2003; and 17 – 24 November 2003.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts

Overview

The Second Review Conference (Geneva, 11 - 21 December 2001) established an open-ended Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) with separate mandates on Explosive Remnants of War, Mines Other Than Anti-Personnel Mines, possible options to promote compliance with the Convention and its annexed Protocol, and Small Calibre Weapons and Ammunition. The GGE had to report on its work to a meeting of States Parties to the Convention to be held in Geneva on 12 and 13 December 2002, in conjunction with the Fourth Annual Conference of the States Parties to Amended Protocol II.

The work of the GGE was undertaken in three sessions in Geneva during 2002, as follows: 20 - 24 May 2002; 15 – 26 July 2002; and 2 – 10 December 2002.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts

Overview

The 2010 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention took note of the report of the Chairperson of the Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on the work of the Group.

The Meeting of the High Contracting Parties also decided that the GGE will meet from 21 to 25 February, from 28 March to 1 April and from 22 to 26 August 2011.

The GGE will conduct preparatory work for the Fourth Review Conference under the overall responsibility of the President Designate.

The GGE will continue its negotiations informed by the Chair's Text, document CCW/GGE/2010-II/WP.2 on a draft protocol on cluster munitions, and taking into account other past, present and future proposals by delegations, with a view to making a recommendation for consideration by the Fourth Review Conference, to address urgently the humanitarian impact of cluster munitions, while striking a balance between military and humanitarian considerations. The work of the GGE will be supported by experts on relevant issues.

The GGE will report to the Fourth Review Conference.

The 2010 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention also decided to convene the Fourth Review Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention from 14 to 25 November 2011 at Geneva.

The 2010 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties also decided to designate Ambassador Gancho Ganev of Bulgaria as President of the Fourth Review Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention to be held in 2011, and appointed Minister Jesus S. Domingo of the Philippines as Chairperson of the Group of Governmental Experts.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts

Overview

The 2009 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention took note of the report of the Chairperson of the GGE on the negotiations in the Group, including his consolidated text, titled “Draft Protocol on Cluster Munitions”. The Meeting of the High Contracting Parties also decided that the Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) will continue its negotiations, informed by the Chairperson’s consolidated text dated 26 August 2009 (document CCW/MSP/2009/WP.1, titled “Draft Protocol on Cluster Munitions”), and taking into account document CCW/GGE/2009-II/2, Annex I, (titled “Cluster Munitions”), and other past, present and future proposals by delegations, to address urgently the humanitarian impact of cluster munitions, while striking a balance between military and humanitarian considerations.

The GGE would conclude its negotiations as rapidly as possible and report to the next Meeting of the High Contracting Parties. The work of the GGE will be supported by experts on issues relevant to the negotiations.

The 2009 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention also decided that the Fourth Review Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention will take place in 2011. The Meeting decided that the Chairperson-designate of the 2010 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties shall undertake consultations during the intersessional period on the preparation of the Fourth Review Conference and shall report to the next Meeting of the States Parties.

The 2009 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties also decided that the GGE would meet from 12 to 16 April 2010 and from 30 August to 3 September 2010, and would be presided over by Minister Jesus S. Domingo of the Philippines as Chairperson.

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – Group of Governmental Experts

Overview

The 2008 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention decided that in 2009 the Group of Governmental Experts will continue its negotiations, taking into account document CCW/GGE/2008-V/WP.1 and other present and future proposals by delegations, to address urgently the humanitarian impact of cluster munitions, while striking a balance between military and humanitarian considerations. The GGE should make every effort to conclude its negotiations as rapidly as possible and report to the next Meeting of the High Contracting Parties. The work of the GGE will be supported by military and technical experts.

The 2008 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties also decided that the GGE would meet for up to two weeks in 2009, from 16 to 20 February 2009 and subsequently, if required, from 14 to 17 April 2009.

The 2009 sessions of the GGE are chaired by Mr. Gustavo Ainchil of Argentina. The Chairperson of the Meetings of the Military and Technical Experts of the Group is Capitán de Navío Roberto C. Juárez of Argentina.